Early Left-Planum Temporale Asymmetry in Newborn Monkeys (Papio Anubis): A Longitudinal Structural MRI Study at Two Stages of Development.

Yannick Becker, Julien Sein, Lionel Velly, Laura Giacomino, Luc Renaud, Romain Lacoste, Jean-Luc Anton, Bruno Nazarian, Cammie Berne & Adrien Meguerditchian NeuroImage, Volume 227, 15 February 2021, 117575 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.11757 The “language-ready” brain theory suggests that the infant brain is pre-wired for language acquisition prior to language exposure. As a potential brain marker of such a […]

From Psychoacoustics to Brain Waves: A Longitudinal Approach to Novel Word Learning

Mylène Barbaroux, Arnaud Norena, Maud Rasamimanana, Eric Castet & Mireille Besson Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (2021) 33 (1): 8–27. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01629 Musical expertise has been shown to positively influence high-level speech abilities such as novel word learning. This study addresses the question whether low-level enhanced perceptual skills causally drives successful novel word learning. We used a […]

Continuous developmental change explains discontinuities in word learning

Abdellah Fourtassi, Sophie Regan & Michael C. Frank Developmental Science (2021) 24:e13018. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.13018 https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03191088 Cognitive development is often characterized in terms of discontinuities, but these discontinuities can sometimes be apparent rather than actual and can arise from continuous developmental change. To explore this idea, we use as a case study the finding by Stager and Werker […]

FMRI-based identity classification accuracy in left temporal and frontal regions predicts speaker recognition performance

Virginia Aglieri, Bastien Cagna, Lionel Velly, Sylvain Takerkart, Pascal Belin Abstract Speaker recognition is characterized by considerable inter-individual variability with poorly understood neural bases. This study was aimed at (1) clarifying the cerebral correlates of speaker recognition in humans, in particular the involvement of prefrontal areas, using multi voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) applied to fMRI […]

Reproducibility in speech rate convergence experiments

Simone Fuscone, Benoit Favre & Laurent Prévot Abstract The reproducibility of scientific studies grounded on language corpora requires approaching each step carefully, from data selection and pre-processing to significance testing. In this paper, we report on our reproduction of a recent study based on a well-known conversational corpus (Switchboard). The reproduced study Cohen Priva et […]

Probing machine-learning classifiers using noise, bubbles, and reverse correlation

Etienne Thoret, Thomas Andrillon, Damien Léger, Daniel Pressnitzer Abstract Many scientific fields now use machine-learning tools to assist with complex classification tasks. In neuroscience, automatic classifiers may be useful to diagnose medical images, monitor electrophysiological signals, or decode perceptual and cognitive states from neural signals. Tools such as deep neural networks regularly outperform humans with […]

New addition to our HAL archive

Interspecific behavioural synchronization: dogs exhibit locomotor synchrony with humans Charlotte Duranton, Thierry Bedossa, Florence Gaunet. Behavioural synchronization is widespread among living beings, including humans. Pairs of humans synchronize their behaviour in various situations, such as walking together. Affiliation between dyadic partners is known to promote behavioral synchronization. Surprisingly, however, interspecific synchronization has recived little scientific […]