The emergence of social conventions in the categorization of speech sounds

PhD programme de l'ILCB

PhD cosupervisors: Nicolas Claidière (laboratoire de Psychologie cognitive) and Noël Nguyen (laboratoire Parole et langage), with the participation of Leonardo Lancia (laboratoire de phonétique et phonologie, Univ Paris 3 & CNRS)

 

Abstract

In spoken language interactions, and for people to understand each other, speech sounds must be categorized consistently across listeners. Within a linguistic community, a common set of criteria must therefore be agreed upon, as regards how phonemic categories are delineated in the speech sound space. In spite of their central importance for social cognition and speech sciences, little attention has been devoted so far to the mechanisms that allow this shared perceptual landscape to emerge. The goal of this project will be to explore these mechanisms as they deploy within a group of participants, in an experimental framework.

The PhD student will contribute to devising an ensemble of innovative, joint-perception experiments, in which each listener's perceptual behavior can be affected by that of the other listeners. This will consist, for example, in having groups of listeners construct a mapping between unfamiliar speech sounds and sets of entities (e.g., visual shapes) in a coordinated way, within an experimental set-up that will make it possible for information to flow between listeners. Issues of interest will include the impact of local, pairwise interactions on the dynamics of the entire group, the geometry of the shared speech sound space and how it evolves over the course of the interactions between listeners, the potential benefit of performing a speech perception task collectively rather than individually.

To a very large extent, these issues remain unexplored in the speech perception domain. However, fruitful connections can be made with related, albeit different lines of work, which are concerned with cultural transmission in both humans and non-human species (Claidière, Smith, Kirby & Fagot, 2014) and with experimental approaches to the emergence and evolution of language (e.g. Kirby et al., 2008, Xu et al, 2013). In this project, a bridge will be established between these different domains, which will allow the PhD candidate to exploit the experimental methods and mathematical tools developed in studies on cultural transmission, to further our understanding of how speech perception works, and how it contributes to the evolution of phonological systems.

For more information:

Nicolas Claidière’s website: http://www.nicolas.claidiere.fr/

Noël Nguyen’s webpage: https://cv.archives-ouvertes.fr/noel-nguyen

Leonardo Lancia’s list of publications: http://lpp.in2p3.fr/Publications-776

CHANDRASEKARAN BharathSoundBrain Lab, The University of Texas at Austin USA
PELLEGRINO FrançoisDDL UMR5596 CNRS – Université Lumière Lyon 2
MCQUEEN JamesDonders Institute, Radboud University The Netherlands
LINA Jean-MarcEcole de Technologie Superieure, Dep. Genie Electrique
ZORZI MarcoUniversity of Padova Italy
GOLDRICK MatthewNorthwestern University USA
KUNERT RichardMax Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Pays Bas
VASISHTH ShravanUniversity of Potsdam, Germany
KOTZ SonjaUniversity of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
MEURERS Detmar University of Tübingen
Douglas ShillerUniversité de Montréal / Ecole d'orthophonie et d'audiologie, Faculté de médecine
GIBSON TedUniversity MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
KOTZ SonjaUniversity of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
WAUQUIER SophieUniversité de Paris
HAGOORT PeterMax Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
FEDORENKO EvelinaUniversity MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
SMOLENSKY PaulJohns Hopkins University/Congnitive Science Dept
PUGH KenHaskins Laboratories
CUMMINS FredUniversity College Dublin School of Computer Science - Dublin
LEGENDRE GéraldineJohns Hopkins University/Congnitive Science Dept
CULBERTSON JenniferUniversity of Edinburgh/Linguistics and English Language
SVEN JoubertUniversité de Montréal
CASILLAS MarisaMax Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
CHATOUX Anne-GabrielleConservatoire de vincennes
FORGáCS BálintLaboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Université Paris Descartes
DEHAENE StanislasCEA DSV/I2BM, INSERM, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay
MORAIS JoséUNESCOG - Université Libre de Bruxelles
GIBSON TedUniversity MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
KOTZ SonjaUniversity of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
STEINHAUER KarstenMc Gill University, faculty of medecine
HAGOORT PeterMax Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
SMOLENSKY PaulUniversité de Paris
COSTA AlbertCBC-UPF, Barcelona, Spain
DUPOUX EmmanuelEcole Normale Supérieure Paris
PUGH KenHaskins Laboratories
SPEER ShariOhio State University
GIRAUD Anne-LiseUniversité de Genève
ACKERMANN HermannUniversity of Tübingen
SCHWARTZ Jean-Lucgipsa-lab
JOHNSON MarkMacquarie University
STAM GaleNational Louis University, Chicago, IL, USA
D'AUSILIO AlessandroUµniversity of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
RICHELLE MarcUniversité de liège, Belgique
GUIGUE VincentLIP6 - UPMC Paris
HIRSCHBERG JuliaColumbia University
CAO FanMichigan State University
JACOBS ArthurFreie Universität Berlin
BADINO LeonardoUniversity of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
ELMER StefanUniversity of Zurich, Suisse
LAKRETZ YairTel-Aviv University Sagol’ School of Neuroscience, Israel
FADIGA LucianoUniversity of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
PIOTROWSKI DavidLIAS-IMM UMR 8178 Paris
CARREIRAS ManuelBCBL, Donositian San Sebastian, Espagne
TAJTELBOM LudmillaLIP6 - UPMC Paris
MEDINA AlfonsoCAMINO AL AJUSCO 20, PEDREGAL DE SANTA TERESA, TLALPAN, DF, Mexico
ALRARELLI IrèneBrain and Learning Lab, University of Geneva
KANDEL SoniaLPNC – CNRS UMR 5105 – Université Grenoble 2
GERMAN JamesNanyang Technological University Linguistics and Multilingual Studies, Singapore
HARALD BaayenEberhard karls University, Allemagne
HALE JohnCornell University, NY, USA
FERNANDEZ-PEREZ HeivetCentro de Neurociencias de Cuba, Cuba
JACOBS ArthurFreie Universität Berlin
KHAMASSI MedhiInstitut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotiques
PIETQUIN OlivierSequel team, University Lille 1 INRIA Lille
CASTLES AnneMacquarie University
YAO YAODepartment of Chinese and Bilingual Studies, China
STEINHAUER KarstenMc Gill University, faculty of medecine
FULLGRABE ChristianMRC Institute of Hearing Research
KIRBY SimonUniversité Edimburgh
ROYLE PhaedraMc Gill University, faculty of medecine
MAGNUSON JamesUniversity of Connecticut
LEMASSON AlbanUniversité de Rennes 1, Institut universitaire de France
MUNSON BenjaminMinnesota University
PALLIER ChristopheUnité INSERM CEA de Neuroimagerie Cognitive
DEMUTH KatherineMacquarie University
JOHNSON MarkMacquarie University
HARTSUIKER RobertGhent University
HUANG Chu RenThe Hong Kong Polytechnic University Faculty of Humanities, Hong Kong
MARTINEZ-MONTES EduardoCentro de Neurociencias de Cuba, Cuba

 

HARALD Baayen Eberhard karls University, Allemagne
HALE JohnCornell University, NY, USA
GIBSON TedUniversity MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
FEDORENKO EvelinaUniversity MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
ZOCK MichaelLaboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale
LEMASSON AlbanUniversité de Rennes 1, Institut universitaire de France
DELL Gary S.University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
ANDREWS SallyUniversity of Sydney
DEMONET Jean-françoisCentre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV)