The emergence of social conventions in the categorization of speech sounds

PhD programme de l'ILCB

PhD cosupervisors: Nicolas Claidière (laboratoire de Psychologie cognitive) and Noël Nguyen (laboratoire Parole et langage), with the participation of Leonardo Lancia (laboratoire de phonétique et phonologie, Univ Paris 3 & CNRS)

 

Abstract

In spoken language interactions, and for people to understand each other, speech sounds must be categorized consistently across listeners. Within a linguistic community, a common set of criteria must therefore be agreed upon, as regards how phonemic categories are delineated in the speech sound space. In spite of their central importance for social cognition and speech sciences, little attention has been devoted so far to the mechanisms that allow this shared perceptual landscape to emerge. The goal of this project will be to explore these mechanisms as they deploy within a group of participants, in an experimental framework.

The PhD student will contribute to devising an ensemble of innovative, joint-perception experiments, in which each listener's perceptual behavior can be affected by that of the other listeners. This will consist, for example, in having groups of listeners construct a mapping between unfamiliar speech sounds and sets of entities (e.g., visual shapes) in a coordinated way, within an experimental set-up that will make it possible for information to flow between listeners. Issues of interest will include the impact of local, pairwise interactions on the dynamics of the entire group, the geometry of the shared speech sound space and how it evolves over the course of the interactions between listeners, the potential benefit of performing a speech perception task collectively rather than individually.

To a very large extent, these issues remain unexplored in the speech perception domain. However, fruitful connections can be made with related, albeit different lines of work, which are concerned with cultural transmission in both humans and non-human species (Claidière, Smith, Kirby & Fagot, 2014) and with experimental approaches to the emergence and evolution of language (e.g. Kirby et al., 2008, Xu et al, 2013). In this project, a bridge will be established between these different domains, which will allow the PhD candidate to exploit the experimental methods and mathematical tools developed in studies on cultural transmission, to further our understanding of how speech perception works, and how it contributes to the evolution of phonological systems.

For more information:

Nicolas Claidière’s website: http://www.nicolas.claidiere.fr/

Noël Nguyen’s webpage: https://cv.archives-ouvertes.fr/noel-nguyen

Leonardo Lancia’s list of publications: http://lpp.in2p3.fr/Publications-776

CHANDRASEKARAN Bharath SoundBrain Lab, The University of Texas at Austin USA
PELLEGRINO François DDL UMR5596 CNRS – Université Lumière Lyon 2
MCQUEEN James Donders Institute, Radboud University The Netherlands
LINA Jean-Marc Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Dep. Genie Electrique
ZORZI Marco University of Padova Italy
GOLDRICK Matthew Northwestern University USA
KUNERT Richard Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Pays Bas
VASISHTH Shravan University of Potsdam, Germany
KOTZ Sonja University of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
MEURERS Detmar  University of Tübingen
Douglas Shiller Université de Montréal / Ecole d'orthophonie et d'audiologie, Faculté de médecine
GIBSON Ted University MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
KOTZ Sonja University of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
WAUQUIER Sophie Université de Paris
HAGOORT Peter Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
FEDORENKO Evelina University MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
SMOLENSKY Paul Johns Hopkins University/Congnitive Science Dept
PUGH Ken Haskins Laboratories
CUMMINS Fred University College Dublin School of Computer Science - Dublin
LEGENDRE Géraldine Johns Hopkins University/Congnitive Science Dept
CULBERTSON Jennifer University of Edinburgh/Linguistics and English Language
SVEN Joubert Université de Montréal
CASILLAS Marisa Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
CHATOUX Anne-Gabrielle Conservatoire de vincennes
FORGáCS Bálint Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Université Paris Descartes
DEHAENE Stanislas CEA DSV/I2BM, INSERM, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay
MORAIS José UNESCOG - Université Libre de Bruxelles
GIBSON Ted University MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
KOTZ Sonja University of Manchester, Royaume-Uni
STEINHAUER Karsten Mc Gill University, faculty of medecine
HAGOORT Peter Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
SMOLENSKY Paul Université de Paris
COSTA Albert CBC-UPF, Barcelona, Spain
DUPOUX Emmanuel Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris
PUGH Ken Haskins Laboratories
SPEER Shari Ohio State University
GIRAUD Anne-Lise Université de Genève
ACKERMANN Hermann University of Tübingen
SCHWARTZ Jean-Luc gipsa-lab
JOHNSON Mark Macquarie University
STAM Gale National Louis University, Chicago, IL, USA
D'AUSILIO Alessandro Uµniversity of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
RICHELLE Marc Université de liège, Belgique
GUIGUE Vincent LIP6 - UPMC Paris
HIRSCHBERG Julia Columbia University
CAO Fan Michigan State University
JACOBS Arthur Freie Universität Berlin
BADINO Leonardo University of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
ELMER Stefan University of Zurich, Suisse
LAKRETZ Yair Tel-Aviv University Sagol’ School of Neuroscience, Israel
FADIGA Luciano University of Ferrara, Italiano Di Tecnologia Gêne
PIOTROWSKI David LIAS-IMM UMR 8178 Paris
CARREIRAS Manuel BCBL, Donositian San Sebastian, Espagne
TAJTELBOM Ludmilla LIP6 - UPMC Paris
MEDINA Alfonso CAMINO AL AJUSCO 20, PEDREGAL DE SANTA TERESA, TLALPAN, DF, Mexico
ALRARELLI Irène Brain and Learning Lab, University of Geneva
KANDEL Sonia LPNC – CNRS UMR 5105 – Université Grenoble 2
GERMAN James Nanyang Technological University Linguistics and Multilingual Studies, Singapore
HARALD Baayen Eberhard karls University, Allemagne
HALE John Cornell University, NY, USA
FERNANDEZ-PEREZ Heivet Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba, Cuba
JACOBS Arthur Freie Universität Berlin
KHAMASSI Medhi Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotiques
PIETQUIN Olivier Sequel team, University Lille 1 INRIA Lille
CASTLES Anne Macquarie University
YAO YAO Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies, China
STEINHAUER Karsten Mc Gill University, faculty of medecine
FULLGRABE Christian MRC Institute of Hearing Research
KIRBY Simon Université Edimburgh
ROYLE Phaedra Mc Gill University, faculty of medecine
MAGNUSON James University of Connecticut
LEMASSON Alban Université de Rennes 1, Institut universitaire de France
MUNSON Benjamin Minnesota University
PALLIER Christophe Unité INSERM CEA de Neuroimagerie Cognitive
DEMUTH Katherine Macquarie University
JOHNSON Mark Macquarie University
HARTSUIKER Robert Ghent University
HUANG Chu Ren The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Faculty of Humanities, Hong Kong
MARTINEZ-MONTES Eduardo Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba, Cuba

 

HARALD Baayen Eberhard karls University, Allemagne
HALE John Cornell University, NY, USA
GIBSON Ted University MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
FEDORENKO Evelina University MIT Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Cambridge, USA
ZOCK Michael Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale
LEMASSON Alban Université de Rennes 1, Institut universitaire de France
DELL Gary S. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
ANDREWS Sally University of Sydney
DEMONET Jean-françois Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV)